Object Inheritance

Visibility
November 14, 2018
Scope Resolution Operator (::)
November 14, 2018

Inheritance is a well-established programming principle, and PHP makes use of this principle in its object model. This principle will affect the way many classes and objects relate to one another.

For example, when you extend a class, the subclass inherits all of the public and protected methods from the parent class. Unless a class overrides those methods, they will retain their original functionality.

This is useful for defining and abstracting functionality, and permits the implementation of additional functionality in similar objects without the need to reimplement all of the shared functionality.

Example #1 Inheritance Example

<?php

class Foo
{
public function printItem($string)
{
echo ‘Foo: ‘ . $string . PHP_EOL;
}

public function printPHP()
{
echo ‘PHP is great.’ . PHP_EOL;
}
}

class Bar extends Foo
{
public function printItem($string)
{
echo ‘Bar: ‘ . $string . PHP_EOL;
}
}

$foo = new Foo();
$bar = new Bar();
$foo->printItem(‘baz’); // Output: ‘Foo: baz’
$foo->printPHP();       // Output: ‘PHP is great’
$bar->printItem(‘baz’); // Output: ‘Bar: baz’
$bar->printPHP();       // Output: ‘PHP is great’

?>

Here is some clarification about PHP inheritance – there is a lot of bad information on the net.  PHP does support Multi-level inheritance.  (I tested it using version 5.2.9).  It does not support multiple inheritance.

This means that you cannot have one class extend 2 other classes (see the extends keyword).  However, you can have one class extend another, which extends another, and so on.

Example:

<?php
class {
// more code here
}

class extends {
// more code here
}

class extends {
// more code here
}

$someObj = new A();  // no problems
$someOtherObj = new B(); // no problems
$lastObj = new C(); // still no problems

?>

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